Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
We know that the education system in India has seen lots of ups and downs since Independence. After the success launch of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in 2000 government of India wanted to focus on secondary education. Thus Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) 2009 came into being. It mainly had his focus on quality education with proper facilities in the high school.
This scheme came into force in March 2009. The objective to enhance access to secondary education. This plan to improve the quality of instruction in the country. Later the implementation of the project that took off from 2009-10. It is to achieve the enrollment rate of 75% from 52.26% in 2005-06 at secondary stage of application of the scheme by providing a high school within a reasonable distance of any habitation. The other objectives include improving the quality of education imparted at high school level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms. The scheme is going to remove gender inequality, socio-economic and disability barriers. It is going to provide universal access to secondary level education by the year 2017. The step will bring by the end of 12th Five Year Plan and achieve universal retention by 2020.
Outstanding physical facilities provided under the scheme are:-
- Additional classroom
- Art and crafts room
- Toilet blocks
- Drinking water provisions
- Build residential hostels for the teachers staying in remote villages
Quality Interventions Provided Under The Scheme Are:
- appointing additional teachers in the ratio of 30:1,
- having the clear focus on Science, Math and English education,
- organizing In-service training of teachers,
- building science laboratories,
- education that will be ICT enabled,
- bringing curriculum reforms; and
- teaching learning changes.
Important Equity Interventions Provided In The Scheme Are:
- the emphasis in micro planning
- preference to Ashram schools for up gradation
- preference to areas with the concentration of SC/ST/Minority for the opening of schools
- special enrolment drive for the weaker section
- more female teachers in schools; and
- separate toilet blocks for girls.
Implementation Mechanism Of The Scheme
The project was be implemented by the State government societies established for implementation of the plan. The central share is released to the implementing agency directly. The applicable State share had to release to the agency of application by the respective State Governments.
Revision Of Certain Norms Of The Scheme
The Government of India has approved the following revised norms of RMSA, with effect from 01.04.2013.
- To permit State/UT Governments to use State Schedule of Rates(SSOR) or CPWD Rate, (whichever is lower) for the construction of civil works permissible under the RMSA.
- To increase the Management, Monitoring Evaluation and Research (MMER) from 2.2 percent to 4 percent of the total outlay under the program, with 0.5 percent of the 4 percent earmarked for national level and the rest of the 3.5 percent as part of the State allocation. In cases of States where even with this enhanced allocation of 3.5 percent MMER would not be adequate and would hamper the activities under the head. Within the 3.5 percent of the overall State MMER component; variations across State/UTs can be approved by the PAB, subject to a maximum of 5 percent of the outlay in any particular State/UT.
- To subsume the other Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Secondary Education– Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at School, Girls’ Hostel, Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage(IEDSS) and Vocational Education(VE) in their existing form under the Umbrella of RMSA.
- To extend the benefits of RMSA to aided Secondary Schools (excluding infrastructure support/core areas, i.e. Teacher’s salary and Staff salary) for quality interventions as per RMSA umbrella schemes components for aided schools.
- To continue existing fund sharing pattern of 72:25 for the remaining of the 12th Plan the period for non-NER States and 90:10 for NER States (including Sikkim).
- To authorise the RMSA Project Approval Board (PAB) of the Ministry of Human Resource Development to consider for approval Integrated Plan of the umbrella scheme of RMSA, including the four subsumed Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Secondary Education.
- To authorise the release of funds to the RMSA State Implementation Society directly for all components of the RMSA umbrella scheme.