Introduction to Kothari Commission on Secondary Education and its Recommendations

Indian Education Commission (1964-1966), mostly known as the Kothari Commission on Secondary Education. Kothari Commission was a step by the government of India to evaluate the educational system in India. The commission took up the job on 14th July 1964.  The chairman of the committee was Daulat Singh Kothari, then the chairman of the University Grants Commission. The Commission submitted the report on 29th June 1966.

  • It began its work on 2nd October 1964
  • Presented its report on 29th June 1966
  • It Consisted of 16 Members 11 Indians and 5 Foreign experts
  • The main focus was to improve the Secondary Education in India

Aims of the Commission

According to Dr. Radha Krishnan, “It is my earnest desire that the Commission should survey all aspects of the educational system at all levels and give suggestions that may help the educational system in progressing at all levels. According to Kothari Commission, “One of the important social objectives of education is to equalize opportunity, enabling the backward or underprivileged classes and individuals to use education as a tool for improvement of their social and economic condition.”

The most important and urgent reform needed in education is to transform it. It was important to relate education to the life, needs, and aspirations of the people. Education is a powerful instrument of social, economic and cultural transformation, necessary for the realization of the national goals.

Purpose of the Commission

Areas in which Commission worked on

The Commission set up 12 Task Forces and 7 Working Groups

Task Forces

  1. School Education
  2. Higher Education
  3. Technical Education
  4. Agricultural Education
  5. Science Educational and Research
  6. Adult Education
  7. Teacher Training and Teacher Status
  8. Student Welfare
  9. New Technique and Methods
  10. Man Power
  11. Educational Administration
  12. Educational Finance

Working Groups

  1. Women’s Education
  2. Education of the Backward Classes
  3. Community Relations
  4. School Buildings
  5. Statistics
  6. Pre-primary Education
  7. School Curriculum

Recommendation of the Commission 

  1. Establishment
  2. Enrolment
  3. Vocationalisation
  4. Part-time-Education
  5. Girls Education
  6. Planning and Location
  7. Curriculum
  8. Language Formula
  9. Class Size
  10. Guidance
  11. Evaluation
  12. Teachers
  13. Administration
  14. Social and National Integration
  15. Structure and Duration
  16. Structure of School Education
  17. Place of English

Merits of the Commission

De-merits of the Commission


Education always helps to focus on national objectives. Education helps a person to develop positive thoughts of an individual. Every person plays a significant role in the development of the country. The commission kept in view the best features of the modem European culture and civilization. The Commission did not ignore the essential characteristics of our ancient culture and civilization. The commission gave equal importance, need and aspirations of our present day society.

It is for the first time that we have been given a mixed picture of Indian education in all its wide and diverse dimensions.

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